PREPARATION STRATEGY FOR CLAT 2020
Current Affairs including General Knowledge
How to approach questions
How to approach questions in the Current Affairs including General Knowledge section of the UG CLAT 2020
– Questions intended to test depth of understanding of issues and events of significance,rather than mere fact- or trivia-based superficial knowledge.
– While the focus is on more recent and current events, questions may test you on historical information related to such events and significance, in order to better gauge your understanding of the causes of such current events.
– Questions may also relate to matters associated with the events mentioned in the passage – for a passage about a natural calamity for example, you may face questions not only about that natural calamity, but similar events in other parts of the world.
– Make sure you read the entire passage before you attempt the questions – while the answers to some questions may seem apparent to you, you would be able to pick up valuable clues about the answers to other questions by ensuring you read the entire passage first.
– Don’t worry about whether you will remember all the elements of the passage when you come to the questions – the idea is not to test your ability to memorise the passage and answer questions that test your recollection – but do make sure you have a good idea of the overall theme or point of focus of the passage, as this may help jog your memory about any related information you may have read or come across in your preparations.
– In line with the overall theme of the UG CLAT 2020, the focus is on comprehension, and your ability to understand and decode the information set out in the passage. While you may not be asked vocabulary questions in this section of the paper, you may be asked the meaning of certain statements made in the passage, insofar as they relate to information associated with such statements – for example, a passage relating to cyclones may ask you what the difference is between a cyclone, typhoon, and hurricane.
– As with all the other sections of the UG CLAT 2020, make sure you pay close attention to the wording of the questions – the question setters may be examining your ability to read and follow text closely, and so, may frame questions in a negative manner (e.g., Which of the following is not an example of x?) or may use a double negative as well (e.g., Instead of asking which of the following is an efficient way to do x, the question may be framed as: Which of the following is not an inefficient way to do x.)
Preparation Strategies/ FAQ
– The best way to prepare for this section of the UG CLAT 2020 is to have a long-term habit of reading a good set of newspapers and periodicals; in particular, it would help to read the editorial and opinion sections of newspapers and periodicals, as these often provide historical, associated, and ancillary information related to the main subject discussed in the piece. Now that you have an idea of what sources the question setters typically refer to from the introductory video, try and read through similar sources on a regular basis.
– If you have not developed a long-term habit of reading newspapers and periodicals, all is not lost! Now that many good sources of news and information are also available online, you can also visit their websites, and go through their archive of editorial and opinion pieces. In this way, you can try and catch up for some lost time.
– It may not be possible for you to read all the information covered in this section of the UG CLAT 2020 in the time you have. A good way to try and address this is to form a small group of people with whom you can discuss the topics and areas that are covered in this section. That way, you can not only take the advantage of the fact that other people may have covered the topics you have not been able to, you will also be able to dive into greater depth by questioning each other about each topic, so as to ensure you know more about that topic than you may otherwise have been able to.
– We do not encourage nor discourage the use of fact compendiums to assist in your preparation for this section. If you find these useful, please feel free to use them – but make sure you do not fall into the trap of meaninglessly memorising long lists of facts without understanding their wider context, and how they relate to other information.
Illustration Question Set
- On 16 January 2020, displaced  tribals from Mizoram, living as refugees in  since 1997, were allowed to permanently settle in . The agreement, allowing 30,000  tribals to permanently settle in , took 20 years and nine attempts in the making, and was signed between the Centre, the state governments of  and Mizoram, and -Reang representatives in the national capital in the presence of union home minister Amit Shah. The -spread across , Mizoram and parts of southern Assam-are the most populous tribe in . Also known as Reangs in the state, they are ethnically different from the Mizos, with their own distinct language and dialect and form one of the 21 scheduled tribes of . In 1997, roughly half the  population fled to , following violent clashes with the Mizo population, which led to the s’ demand for an Autonomous District Council (ADC), under the 6th Schedule of the Constitution, in western Mizoram, where they were the more dominant lot, outnumbering the ethnic Mizo population. On 1 October, as the Centre’s ninth repatriation attempt began, the tribe’s food and cash supply was stopped – prompting the tribe to take to the streets. On 3 October, the union home ministry started a round of talks with the state governments of Mizoram and  to legitimize the 30,000-odd refugees.
[Extracted, with edits and revisions, from: “Who are the  refugees?”, Shashwati Das, LiveMint, https://bit.ly/3angwDz.]
1.1 The name of the tribe that is discussed in the passage above, and who are also known as the ‘Reang’, has been replaced with ‘’ in the passage above. What is ‘’?
1.2 The name of the state where the displaced  refugees have now been allowed to settle permanently according to the pact signed on 16 January 2020 has been replaced with ‘’ in the passage above. What is ‘’?
1.3 What is the name of the Act, passed in 1958 and applied to several states in northeast India, which allows special powers to the Indian Armed Forces to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”, and which was recently partially withdrawn from some areas?
(a)Prevention of Terrorism Act
(b)Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act
(c)National Security Act
1.4 This person went on a 16-year-long hunger strike to demand the abolition of the Act mentioned in the previous question. What is this person’s name?
1.5 This person signed the ‘ Merger Agreement’ on September 9, 1949, as a result of which ‘’ became a part of India on October 15, 1949. Who is this person?
(a)Maharani Kanchan Prava Devi
(b)Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman Manikya Bahadur
(c)Maharaja Kirit Bikram Kishore Deb Barman
(d)Maharaja Birendra Kishore Manikya
- Extremely severe cyclonic storm  hit the Odisha coast in Puri early morning on May 3, 2019 with a wind speed of around 175 kmph. The Navy, the National Disaster Response Force and the Coast Guard are on high alert. The Met department has issued a “yellow warning” for Odisha, predicting heavy to very heavy rain in several areas. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have been placed on high alert too. According to the IMD, in the past 126 years (1891-2017) only 14 severe tropical cyclones have formed in April over the Bay of Bengal. Out of those, only one storm crossed the Indian mainland. Cyclone  was the second storm to form in April and cross the mainland. The last severe cyclone ‘Nargis’ in 2008 devastated Myanmar. Cyclones are not new to Odisha. The worst one, a super cyclone had hit the state in 1999, killing more than 15,000 people, with most of the casualty being reported from Odisha.
[Extracted, with edits and revisions, from: “Cyclone : 6 things you should know about this severe cyclone”, The Economic times, https://bit.ly/2tBoiJr.]
2.1 What is the name of the cyclonic storm whose name has been replaced with ‘’ in the passage above?
2.2 What was the name of the super cyclone that hit the state of Odisha in 1999, mentioned in the passage above?
(b)Cyclone BOB 06
2.3 The name ‘’ was suggested by which country?
2.4 S. 144 of the CrPC was imposed in Gaya in Bihar in 2019 as part of a reaction to contain the fallout from which of the following weather-related phenomenon that struck the state? (a)heatwave
2.5 Which of the following is true about the 2019 Indian monsoon season?
(a)It was the earliest onset of the monsoon in 30 years
(b)It witnessed the lowest monsoonal rainfall in 25 years
(c)It witnessed the heaviest monsoonal rainfall in 25 years
(d)It had no impact on agriculture in the country